UWB almost made a comeback in the last decades of the 20th century. RADAR kept wideband research alive through World War 2 and the Cold War. By the 1990’s, companies and consortia around the world began lobbying for frequency allocations for UWB communications. In 2002 the FCC allocated spectrum in the US, and ETSI fllowed a few years later with European spectrum.
To find out what happened, read Part 2 of the story on SemiWiki